JCL Comprehensive Exam References
Review questions for JCL Comprehensive Exam
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Book II - People of God
Part I - Christian Faithful
Title I - The Obligations and Rights of All the Christian Faithful (cc. 204-223)
- Who are the Christifideles (c. 204)?
- By what bonds are those baptized united in full communion with the Catholic Church (c. 205)?
- Into what broad groups are the Christifideles divided (c. 207)?
- What obligations do the Christian faithful have with respect to the communion of the Church (c. 209), and supporting the Church (c. 222)?
- What rights do the Christian faithful have with respect their spiritual needs (c. 212), the word of God and the sacraments (c. 213), associations (c. 215), Christian education (c. 217), and a choice of a state of life (c. 219)?
Title II - The Obligations and Rights of the Lay Christian Faithful (cc. 224-231)
- What obligations do the lay Christian faithful have with respect to their children (c. 226)?
- What rights do the lay Christian faithful have with respect to ecclesiastical offices (c. 228), and remuneration (cc. 230 §1 and 231 §2)?
Title III - Sacred Ministers or Clerics (cc. 232-293)
- On whom does the duty to foster vocations rest (c. 233)?
- Name some of the offices mentioned in the code for a seminary (cc. 239, 240, and 261)? What are their primary duties?
- Is a seminary a juridic person by law or by concession? Who represents the juridic person of the seminary (c. 238)?
- When decisions are made in admitting seminarians to orders or dismissing them from the seminary, whose opinion may not be sought (c. 240)?
- What document for the seminary is issued by the conference of bishops (c. 242)? What document is issued by the local bishop (c. 243)?
- The rector fulfills the office of pastor for his seminarians except in what two sacramental matters (cc. 242 and 262)?
- What are some of the elements of a seminarian’s spiritual formation that a seminary must foster (c. 246)?
- How many years of study should a seminarian’s philosophy and theology training last (c. 250)?
- Who may remove a teacher in a seminary who is gravely deficient (c. 253)?
- Who may be taxed to support a seminary (c. 264)?
- How does a man become a cleric and how is he incardinated into a particular church, an institute of consecrated life, a society of apostolic life, and a secular institute (c. 267)? Do each of these bodies have the right to incardinate clerics?
- How does a cleric incardinate into a new particular church (c. 267)?
- How does a cleric incardinate into a new particular church ipso iure (c. 268)?
- What is required for a diocesan bishop to incardinate a cleric (c. 269)?
- Under what circumstances can a diocesan bishop licitly grant excardination or deny excardination (c. 270)?
- Under what circumstances can a diocesan administrator grant incardination or excardination (c. 272)?
- To whom must clerics show reverence and obedience (c. 273)?
- Do clerics have a right to an ecclesiastical office (c. 274)?
- By what spiritual exercises mentioned in the code is a cleric to pursue a life of holiness (c. 276)?
- What financial support is owed to clerics (c. 281)?
- There are several things that clerics are to refrain from / avoid / not undertake / not participate in. List some of these (cc. 282, 283, 285, 286, 287, and 289).
- Name a restriction placed on clerics that may not bind a permanent deacon (cc. 284, 285 §§3 and 4, 286, and 287 §2).
- List the 3 ways one can lose the clerical state (c. 290).
- What effect does each of these manners of losing the clerical state have on the obligation of celibacy (c. 291)?
- Under what circumstances can a cleric who loses the clerical state exercise sacramental ministry (c. 293)?
Title IV - Personal Prelatures (cc. 294-297)
- What is a personal prelature and what is its purpose (c. 294)?
- Can lay persons be members of a personal prelature (c. 296)?
Title V - Associations of the Christian Faithful (cc. 298-329)
- What are some of the purposes for an association of the Christian faithful mentioned in the code (c. 298)?
- What is a private association and a public association (cc. 299 and 301)?
- What is a clerical association (c. 302)?
- What is a third order (c. 303)?
- Name some things that must be in the statutes of a public or private association (c. 304)?
- Can a private association that is not a juridic person contract obligations and acquire goods (c. 310)?
- What consequences follow by the law itself from the erection of a public association (c. 313)?
Distinguish public and private associations in the following questions:
- Who establishes public and private associations (cc. 299 and 312)?
- How do public and a private associations acquire juridic personality (cc. 313 and 322)?
- What role does the competent ecclesiastical authority exercise over public and private associations (cc. 305, 315, and 323)?
- What must the competent ecclesiastical authority do with respect to (a) the statutes of a private association without juridic personality that wishes to be recognized (c. 299 §3)? (b) the statutes of a private association that wishes to receive juridic personality (c. 322 §2)? (c) the statutes of a public association (c. 314)?
- In whose name do public and private associations act (c. 301 and 313)?
- How do the goods of public and private associations differ (c. 1257)?
- How are public and private associations suppressed (cc. 320 and 326)?